Moltmann, Left Behind, and the Need for a Hopeful (Not Dystopian) Eschatology

The new Left Behind movie comes out next week: A reminder that now more than ever this world needs to hear a hopeful Christian alternative to dystopian pop-eschatology. #AreYouReady to offer some Moltmannian hope?

About 15 years ago a megachurch in a nearby city had some sort of “Rapture Ready” event (I can’t remember what they called it exactly). It’s goal was to make sure that we all knew that we were “ready” when the pretribulational Rapture came; that we would be “taken” and not “left behind” to endure the terrible events that would follow. Since the Rapture could come at any time, participants were encouraged to buy tape recordings of the event, so that their loved ones who didn’t make the cut would find the tape, listen to it, and have that post-Rapture “aha” moment where they could realize what was going on (after all, while they would have to endure the tribulation regardless, if they repented they could still escape the flames of eternal torment!).

I was a teenager at the time, and invited some friends to come over to my parents’ house to watch this event on TV (don’t worry – I made sure to get a tape recording too!).  Afterwards, one girl remarked to me that it seemed that the preacher was trying to “scare the hell out of people.” At the time I shrugged this off. Don’t some of us need this in order to turn to Christ? Besides, while I thought that maybe the “timing” of the Rapture was debatable, it didn’t occur to me to call into question the truth of the general narrative…

Most of us who were raised in American Evangelicalism have had some exposure to this brand of end-times doctrine. Even when I didn’t feel particularly strongly about it, I remember sensing that this approach was helpful because it motivated Christians to do evangelism and resulted in some unbelievers converting. It was explicitly taught at the Christian high school I attended, and seemed to be the assumed belief among many of the Pentecostals and other conservative Evangelicals I knew.

It’s been a widespread approach for a number of years, but the Left Behind franchise – with its books, movies (and now, of course, the movie reboot starring Nicolas Cage) – has further brought this dystopian story of the end into the forefront of popular apocayptic imagination. All based on a speculative, relatively recent, and hotly contested, interpretation of the Bible.

There are plenty of biblical, historical, and theological reasons to reject Left Behind’s Rapture theology (maybe I’ll dive into that in a future post).  What I want to focus on here is the general thrust of its message: The misguided theology informing Left Behind spreads fear and is about escaping this world; the Gospel of Jesus brings hope and is about redeeming this world.

Continue reading Moltmann, Left Behind, and the Need for a Hopeful (Not Dystopian) Eschatology

Jürgen Moltmann on the Gnostic Escapism in Left Behind

Nic Cage in the New Left Behind

When I first heard that Nic Cage was going to be starring in an upcoming reboot of the Left Behind series, I thought it was a parody: Everyone’s least favorite actor teamed up with the cliché expression of American Christian pop culture. Surely this was just some internet joke or hoax? Sad to say, it’s not. “Relevant” magazine has been reporting on its upcoming release with what can almost be described as giddy anticipation, which I find difficult to comprehend (I’m sure they aren’t alone on this as far as Christian media goes…. But I’m afraid to look!). The theology represented in these books has been very influential among American evangelicals, where the “Rapture” (an event in which all the “saved” are taken up to be with Jesus, and everyone else is left behind to endure the tribulation) has captured the popular imagination. This all comes from a premillenial/pretribulational/dispensational reading of the Bible, which can be regarded as a relatively recent development in theology (within the last 150 years or so); historian George Marsden’s amazing book Fundamentalism and American Culture, chronicles this, along with much more (I highly recommend it!).

Continue reading Jürgen Moltmann on the Gnostic Escapism in Left Behind

I don’t want to go to heaven

Ever since I first read N.T. Wright’s Surprised by Hope, I’ve grown increasingly uncomfortable with the way many Christians (especially in the Evangelical camp I usually find myself in) talk about heaven, basically, as a place we would all like to go to when we die. A final destination, perhaps in contrast to someplace… less pleasant. It locates the Christian hope in a simplistic (and fuzzy) life after death. In contrast, Wright, not unlike Moltmann before him, finds his doctrine of hope grounded in resurrection, or “life after life after death” as Wright likes to put it. Continue reading I don’t want to go to heaven